Back in 2016 a friend and fellow archer introduced me to a friendly gambling game involving archery. The game was "Three Arrow Quick Draw". But it was not the only game out there obviously. There is also:
Teer / Thoh Tim
Games of skill / accuracy have often been a source of gambling. Darts, bowling, billiards, and of course archery.
Back in the 1380s Richard III of England enforced a new law against dice games such as backgammon because the archers in his military were playing backgammon too much and not practicing archery enough. So how did his archer's respond? They did archery, but they invented a number of gambling games that involved archery skill so that archers could bet on themselves and also bet on others.
That obscure British law later was adopted by Canada, as part of the British commonwealth, and that law prohibiting dice games like backgammon was still in law books in Canada until it was finally removed on March 15th 1999.
Gambling wasn't new to Canada either. In 1497 John Cabot was exploring the region and learned that the Native population enjoying playing a wide variety of gambling games involving both chance, strategy and skill. Archaeologists in Canada have since found archaelogical evidence of such games dating back to 6,000 BCE.
In 1892, the Canadian Criminal Code was amended to add a complete ban on gambling. But that didn't really stop people from gambling on sporting events such as horseracing, sculling/rowing (such as the famed sculler Ned Hanlan), hockey, and any number of sports - including archery and rifle marksmanship.
Specific groups such as horseracing enthusiasts argued that the only way for the horse industry could be kept alive was through gambling. Without the proceeds from ticket sales to horse races and mutuel betting, the horse industry in Ontario would be dead. Thus exceptions were made so that people could keep the horse industry alive, and consequently the horseracing gambling industry too. Thus gambling continued to flourish in Ontario, despite many laws
Over the years Ontario and other provinces in Canada has decreased their bans on gambling - lottery tickets, bingo halls, allowing in casinos in Niagara Falls and other locations, slot machines, and in recent years the Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto now allows people to bet on the horse races via the internet.
These days people are not limited to horseraces any more however. With online sports gambling websites like William Hill, people can now gamble on archery sports competitions. While writing and researching this, we determined that William Hill does have a page about archery gambling - but it is blank. So maybe people don't actually gamble on archery via that website at all. Although to be fair, William Hill is the same website where people can gamble on whether or not Donald Trump will be impeached during his first term in office, whether he will resign, what year Donald Trump will no longer be president, and whether the USA will leave NATO under Trump's leadership. So really people can gamble on a wide variety of things on that website - but archery is apparently not one of those things.
In Canada sports gambling has a tendency to be more "under the radar", via illegal bookies or even just friendly bets amongst friends. As an individual sport, archery lends itself more towards the "friendly bet" approach using small sums.
In the examples of Archery Gambling Games below, each round of competition bets a meagre 25 cents. However with multiple competitors and rounds, that meagre amount can add up to a tidy sum - enough for gas money or buying coffee at Tim Hortons.
People will no doubt invent and create their own archery games / competitions / ways to gamble with friends. The list below is some of the games we have seen in use.